At the beginning of the 16th century, when fencing was highly regarded in European countries such as France and Italy in particular, the cumbersome sword developed into a lighter and more elegant form of the weapon: thesabre and rapier..
Primarily intended as a shock weapon and usually equipped with a large hand protection guard, the sabre and especially the Rapier became a classic fencing weapons. The Rapier was also a status symbol and was often worn and used by noblemen. Fencing and the art of dueling are still practiced today. In addition to the Rapier, a so-called parier dagger is often also kept.
The saber is a slash and stab weapon, which is usually curved to one side. Sabers are usually lighter than straight swords and were used as the typical weapon of the light cavalry throughout history, and from the 17th century also by the infantry.
The saber had its origins in the Indo-Persian region and was subsequently used in Asia and North Africa, later it also gained popularity in Europe were it was often used as a ceremonial weapon.
Depending on the user's preference, sabers were curved differently and had different types of hand protection, such as baskets, parry bars and discs.